Australia's online gambling policies are dictated by the Interactive Gambling Act (IGA) of 2001. The act prohibits an operator from offering online casino gaming and poker to people located in Australia. It is also illegal to advertise online casino and poker services in Australia. Online lotteries and the sale of lottery tickets over the Internet, as well as sports wagering, and race wagering are viewed as extensions of land-based offerings and are licensed and regulated by the individual states and territories of Australia. Wagering on a sport, race or other event after it has already begun is not permitted, nor are keno-style games, scratch tickets, or instant lotteries.

Most Australian states and territories have licensing regimes for sports wagering and lotteries, but many of them permit only the state-authorized totalizator to offer sports betting. Tasmania licenses peer-to-peer betting exchanges.

In October of 2009, an independent advisory body on gambling policy recommended that Australia lift its 8-year old ban on online gambling. The Productivity Commission recommended the government appear the 2001 IGA to allow operators to offer poker and casino products to residents.